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Table 1 Main gut microbiota differences between patients with and without food allergy

From: The gut microbiota, environmental factors, and links to the development of food allergy

StudyTypes of food allergyAssociation with food allergyReferences
Bunyavanich et al.Cow’s milk↓Clostridia, Firmicutes[12]
Savage et al.Cow’s milk, egg, wheat, soy, nutsCitrobacter, Oscillospira, Lactococcus, Dorea[14]
Azad et al.Cow’s milk, egg, peanutEnterobacteriaceae
Hua et al.Peanut↓Clostridiales
Inoue et al.Egg, wheat, soybean, sesame, cow’s milk, peanut, shrimp, crabDorea, Akkermansia
Ling et al.Cow’s milk, egg, wheat, nut, peanuts, fish, shrimp, soy beans↓Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria
Chen et al.Egg white, cow’s milk, wheat, peanut, soy bean↓Bacteroidetes
Fazlollahi et al.EggLachnospiraceae, Streptococcaceae, Leuconostocaceae[20]
Dong et al.Cow’s milk↑Lactobacillaceae
Bifidobacteriaceae, Ruminococcaceae
Diaz et al.Cow’s milkCoriobacteriaceae[21]
Berni Carnani et al.Cow’s milkBacteroides, Alistipes[22]
Kourosh et al.Tree nuts, fish, milk, egg, sesame, soyOscillibacter valericigenes, Lachnoclostridium bolteae, Faecalibacterium sp.[23]