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Table 1 Main gut microbiota differences between patients with and without food allergy

From: The gut microbiota, environmental factors, and links to the development of food allergy

Study Types of food allergy Association with food allergy References
Bunyavanich et al. Cow’s milk ↓Clostridia, Firmicutes [12]
Savage et al. Cow’s milk, egg, wheat, soy, nuts Citrobacter, Oscillospira, Lactococcus, Dorea [14]
Azad et al. Cow’s milk, egg, peanut Enterobacteriaceae
Bacteroidaceae
[15]
Hua et al. Peanut ↓Clostridiales
↑Bacteroidales
[16]
Inoue et al. Egg, wheat, soybean, sesame, cow’s milk, peanut, shrimp, crab Dorea, Akkermansia
Veillonella
[17]
Ling et al. Cow’s milk, egg, wheat, nut, peanuts, fish, shrimp, soy beans ↓Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria
↑Firmicutes
[18]
Chen et al. Egg white, cow’s milk, wheat, peanut, soy bean ↓Bacteroidetes
↑Firmicutes
[19]
Fazlollahi et al. Egg Lachnospiraceae, Streptococcaceae, Leuconostocaceae [20]
Dong et al. Cow’s milk ↑Lactobacillaceae
Bifidobacteriaceae, Ruminococcaceae
[115]
Diaz et al. Cow’s milk Coriobacteriaceae [21]
Berni Carnani et al. Cow’s milk Bacteroides, Alistipes [22]
Kourosh et al. Tree nuts, fish, milk, egg, sesame, soy Oscillibacter valericigenes, Lachnoclostridium bolteae, Faecalibacterium sp. [23]