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Table 2 Indirect costs

From: Burden of allergic respiratory disease: a systematic review

Country Ref. Age group Disease Indirect costs Values
Disease Allergen Definition Country currency Year of currency PPP (2013 Int$)
Denmark [65] Adult AR SAR/grass Absenteeism 667.36 2005 (€) 102.26
[66] Adult AR Mixed Patient/societal 30606.00 2002 (DKK) 4689.98
France [67] Adult AR PAR/HDM Absenteeism/presenteeism/Wage per work day 1480.68 2007 (€) 1952.95
[68] Adult AR SAR/grass Indirect costs 210.86 2003 (€) 229.67
AR PAR/HDM Indirect costs 161.14 2003 (€) 300.52
Germany [62] Adult AR Mixed Indirect costs 765.84 2009 (€) 1073.38
[65] Adult AR SAR/grass Absenteeism 352.04 2005 (€) 523.04
Italy [71] Children and adolescent AR SAR/grass Indirect costs 2222.00 2003 (€) 3674.08
PAR/HDM Indirect costs 2057.00 2003 (€) 3401.25
Mixed Indirect costs 2166.00 2003 (€) 3581.48
Multiple (1) [72] Adult AR PAR/HDM Absenteeism/presenteeism/Inability to perform usual daily activities/restriction over usual daily activities 4160.40 2002 (€) 6174.94
[24] Adult AR PAR/HDM Absenteeism/presenteeism 1826.88 2001 (€) 2711.49
Multiple (2) [73] Adult AR+AA SAR/grass Absenteeism/presenteeism/production loss 983.17 2005 (£) 1788.29
Sweden [65] Adult AR SAR/grass Absenteeism 384.62 2005 (€) 50.68
Netherlands [65] Adult AR SAR/grass Absenteeism 810.12 2005 (€) 1140.01
UK [65] Adult AR SAR/grass Absenteeism 408.41 2005 (€) 742.85
  1. DKK Danish Krone, Multiple (1) Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Multiple (2) United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Spain and Austria