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Table 1 Demographic data of the control group and patients with allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma (mean and range).

From: Patients with allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma share the same pattern of eosinophil and neutrophil degranulation after allergen challenge

  Control group Allergic rhinitis Allergic asthma p-value
  n = 5 (n = 9) (n = 8) (AR/AA)***
Gender (male/female) 2/3 8/1 3/8 0.36
Age 38 (27-58) 43 (24 - 66) 41 (19 - 56) 0.85
Ex-smoker (>10 yr) 0 2 1 0.79
SPT birch (in mm2) 0 47.1 (20 - 88) 43.6 (26 - 64) 1.0
IgE for birch, Class 0-5 0 3.1 (2 - 4) 3.4 (2 - 5) 0.43
FEV1 (L) 3.59(3.02-3.95) 4.0 (2.4 - 4.9) 3.5 (2.6 - 4.0) 0.12
FEV 1 % of predicted 105 (88-125) 102 (75 - 139) 97 (83 - 108) 0.44
PEFR (L/min) 571 (348-854) 615 (415 - 826) 504 (347 - 652) 0.18
PEFR % of predicted 117 (84-169) 113 (82 - 140) 101 (73 - 133) 0.25
FEV 1 -decrease in % * 1.1 (-0.5-6.2) 0.42 (-5.6 - 5.8) 6.81 (1.55 - 16.4) 0.02
PD 20 (birch) (SQE)** - 34 500 (3850 - 150 000) 3 700 (2450 - 7700) 0.04
Morning PEFR (L/min) diary during pollen season - 575 (550 - 620) 475 (433 - 551) 0.02
Evening PEFR (L/min) diary during pollen season - 610 (555 - 630) 478 (449 - 551) 0.005
  1. * After inhalation of hypertonic 4.5% saline solution at baseline.
  2. ** After bronchial allergen challenge (median and range).
  3. *** AR = allergic rhinitis and AA = allergic asthma.