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Table 2 Association between Cytokine Secretion by CBMCs and Mode of Delivery

From: Mode of delivery and cord blood cytokines: a birth cohort study

   Cytokine Levels (pg/ml)
   Vaginal Delivery (n = 22) Cesarean Section (n = 15)
   median ranges % with Detectable Value ± median ranges % with Detectable Value ± wilcoxon p-value
IL-13         
  Media 0.01* 0.01–47.58 40.9 3.77 0.01–32.96 57.1 0.25
  Fel d 1 0.01 0.01–66.27 33.3 10.40 0.01–126.38 71.4 0.04
  Der f 1 0.01 0.01–75.65 40.9 26.14 0.01–65.61 85.7 0.01
  PHA 25.18 0.01–223.54 63.6 39.31 7.50–246.04 100.0 0.22
  LPS 5.46 0.01–565.55 50.0 20.19 0.01–44.65 78.6 0.39
IFN-γ         
  Media 3.69 0.01–53.02 50.0 6.32 0.01–39.75 85.7 0.24
  Fel d 1 1.24 0.01–52.00 50.0 9.22 0.01–34.18 85.7 0.41
  Der f 1 8.10 0.01–58.93 59.1 16.52 0.01–54.95 85.7 0.43
  PHA 11.10 0.01–173.58 63.6 23.23 0.01–866.65 85.7 0.38
  LPS 20.03 0.01–218.70 68.2 15.21 0.01–85.27 85.7 0.97
IL-10         
  Media 0.01 0.01–49.96 18.2 0.01 0.01–0.01 0 0.10
  Fel d 1 0.01 0.01–355.80 27.3 0.01 0.01–78.57 14.3 0.37
  Der f 1 0.01 0.01–399.46 36.4 0.01 0.01–175.30 28.6 0.44
  PHA 21.50 0.01–759.45 59.1 0.01 0.01–367.98 42.9 0.23
  LPS 181.91 0.01–787.56 95.5 259.11 0.01–863.05 78.6 0.65
  1. *Low value of 0.01 was assigned to undetectable cytokine level.
  2. ± Percentage of cord blood samples in which cytokine measured by ELISA have detectable values within each category of mode of delivery.
  3. For comparison of cord blood cytokines between neonates born by vaginal delivery and those born by cesarean section.