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Table 3 Clinical characteristics of patients suffering from AR

From: Physicians’ prescribing behaviour and clinical practice patterns for allergic rhinitis management in Italy

Item Whole sample Allergologists ENTs GPs p-value
N = 2823 N = 909 N = 606 N = 1308
AR symptoms < 0.001
 Congestion 2148 (76%) 686 (75.4%) 513 (84.6%) 949 (72.5%)  
 Sneezing 1931 (68.4%) 669 (73.5%) 379 (62.5%) 883 (67.5%)  
 Itchy nose 1712 (60.6%) 617 (67.8%) 305 (50.3%) 790 (60.3%)  
 Runny nose 1677 (59.4%) 609 (66.9%) 369 (60.8%) 699 (53.4%)  
 Itchy eyes 1085 (38.4%) 366 (40.2%) 131 (21.6%) 588 (44.9%)  
 Red eyes 990 (35%) 303 (33.3%) 123 (20.2%) 564 (43.1%)  
 Watery eyes 983 (34.8%) 307 (33.7%) 151 (24.9%) 525 (40.1%)  
 Cough 651 (23%) 214 (23.5%) 104 (17.1%) 333 (25.4%)  
 Itchy palate 461 (16.3%) 184 (20.2%) 100 (16.5%) 177 (13.5%)  
 Difficult breathing 388 (13.7%) 127 (13.9%) 91 (15%) 170 (12.9%)  
 Wheezing 369 (13%) 144 (15.8%) 35 (5.7%) 190 (14.5%)  
 Sleep disorders/insomnia 193 (6.8%) 48 (5.2%) 46 (7.5%) 99 (7.5%)  
 Irritability 143 (5%) 30 (3.3%) 22 (3.6%) 91 (6.9%)  
 Chest tightness 117 (4.1%) 51 (5.6%) 7 (1.1%) 59 (4.5%)  
 Fatigue 116 (4.1%) 32 (3.5%) 18 (2.9%) 66 (5%)  
 Eczema 95 (3.3%) 29 (3.1%) 16 (2.6%) 50 (3.8%)  
AR severity < 0.001
 Moderate/severe 1906 (67.5%) 626 (68.8%) 456 (75.3%) 824 (62.3%)  
 Mild 917 (32.4%) 283 (31.1%) 150 (24.7%) 484 (37%)  
Symptoms-related discomfort < 0.001
 Extremely bothersome (10–7) 1982 (70.2%) 604 (66.4%) 484 (79.9%) 894 (68.3)  
 Moderately bothersome (6–5) 540 (19.1%) 188 (20.7%) 106 (17.5%) 246 (18.8%)  
 Not bothersome (4–1) 301 (10.7%) 117 (12.9%) 16 (2.6%) 168 (12.8%)  
Discomfort scores according to severity < 0.001
 Moderate/severe 7.7 ± 1.3 7.7 ± 1.4 7.8 ± 1.2 7.7 ± 1.5 0.368
 Mild 5.7 ± 1.9 5.4 ± 1.9 6.5 ± 1.3*# 5.6 ± 2.1 < 0.001
  1. Patients’ clinical information was retrospectively retrieved by the interviewed HCPs. Data are expressed as mean ± SD or number of patients (%). Chi squared test was used to investigate differences in the observed frequencies across specialty area. One-way analysis of variance or two-way analysis of variance (factor A: specialty area, factor B: AR severity) followed by Tukey’s post hoc test. p < 0.001: * vs allergologists, # vs GPs