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Table 2 Patients’ characteristics

From: Physicians’ prescribing behaviour and clinical practice patterns for allergic rhinitis management in Italy

Characteristic Whole sample Allergologists ENTs GPs p-value
N = 2823 N = 909 N = 606 N = 1308
Age, years < 0.001
 18–24 630 (22.3%) 249 (27.3%) 148 (24.4%) 233 (17.8%)  
 25–34 622 (22%) 219 (24%) 134 (22.1%) 269 (20.5%)  
 35–44 650 (23%) 197 (21.6%) 139 (22.9%) 314 (24%)  
 45–54 503 (17.8%) 149 (16.3%) 99 (16.3%) 255 (19.4%)  
 > 55 412 (15%) 91 (10%) 85 (14%) 236 (18%)  
Disease duration, years 10 [5–19] 10 [4–15] 10 [5–20]* 10 [5–20]* < 0.001
New diagnosis 810 (29%) 327 (36%) 206 (34%) 277 (21%) < 0.001
AR causes 0.635
 Graminaceous pollens 1450 (51.3%) 414 (45.5%) 314 (51.8%) 722 (55.1%)  
 Tree pollens 873 (30.9%) 249 (27.3%) 165 (27.2%) 459 (35%)  
 Grass pollens 722 (25.5%) 250 (27.5%) 168 (27.7%) 304 (23.2%)  
 Dust/dust mites 1150 (40.7%) 352 (38.7%) 304 (50.1%) 494 (37.7%)  
 Animal allergens 459 (16.2%) 130 (14.3%) 111 (18.3%) 218 (16.6%)  
 Mould 262 (9.2%) 64 (7%) 69 (11.3%) 129 (9.8%)  
 Cockroaches 14 (0.4%) 5 (0.5%) 2 (0.3%) 7 (0.5%)  
 Other 5 (0.1%) 2 (0.2%) 0 (0%) 3 (0.2%)  
Concomitant asthma treatment 605 (89.8%) 238 (88.5%) 95 (88%) 272 (91.3%) 0.242
  1. Patients’ data were retrospectively retrieved by the interviewed HCPs. Data are expressed as number of patients (%) ore median [25–75]. Chi squared test was used to investigate differences in the observed frequencies across specialty area. Kruskal–Wallis One Way Analysis of Variance on Ranks, All Pairwise Multiple Comparison Procedures (Dunn’s method): p < 0.05: * vs allergologists