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Table 1 HCPs’ characteristics

From: Physicians’ prescribing behaviour and clinical practice patterns for allergic rhinitis management in Italy

Characteristic Whole sample Allergologists ENTs GPs p value
N = 350 N = 100 N = 100 N = 150
Age, years 56.9 ± 8.2 53.47 ± 10.91 55.60 ± 7.80 60.28 ± 5.40 < 0.001
Clinical experience, years 27.7 ± 9.4 24.48 ± 11.10 27.28 ± 8.65 30.14 ± 7.92 < 0.001
Geographic area
 Northwest Italy 86 (24.5%) 25 (7.1%) 24 (6.8%) 37 (10.5%)  
 Northeast Italy 60 (17.1%) 14 (4%) 19 (5.4%) 27 (7.7%)  
 Central 78 (22.2%) 25 (7.1%) 21 (6%) 32 (9.1%)  
 South and Insular Italy 126 (36%) 36 (10.2%) 36 (10.2%) 54 (15.4%)  
Patients volume/month 210 [100–400] 150 [100–247] 150 [100–300] 400 [300–500] < 0.001
AR patients volume/month 20 [12–50] 40 [20–80] 21 [14–50] 18 [10–30] < 0.001
% of new diagnosis/month 33.4 ± 25.3 45.3 ± 24.7 42.1 ± 25.4 19.6 ± 18.0 < 0.001
Prescription drivers
 Quick symptom relief 8.9 ± 1.2 9.0 ± 1.2 8.9 ± 1.3 8.8 ± 1.3 0.490
 Effective with few drugs 8.8 ± 1.3 9.9 ± 1.0 8.7 ± 1.5 8.7 ± 1.4 0.219
 Effective on all AR symptoms 9.1 ± 1.1 9.4 ± 0.9 9.1 ± 1.1 9.1 ± 1.3 0.101
 Sustained efficacy 8.9 ± 1.1 8.9 ± 1.1 9.0 ± 1.2 8.9 ± 1.3 0.819
 Few/no side effects 9.1 ± 1.0 9.3 ± 1.1 9.2 ± 1.1 9.1 ± 1.0 0.373
 Supported by scientific literature 8.6 ± 1.4 8.9 ± 1.5 8.7 ± 1.3 8.5 ± 1.4* 0.043
 Easy to take 8.5 ± 1.4 8.7 ± 1.3 8.4 ± 1.9 8.6 ± 1.3 0.434
 Increased patient adherence 8.8 ± 1.2 8.9 ± 1.2 8.9 ± 1.4 8.8 ± 1.1 0.794
 Refundable 6.8 ± 2.5 7.5 ± 2.6 5.7 ± 2.9*# 7.2 ± 2.1 < 0.001
 Affordable price 8.1 ± 1.7 8.4 ± 1.6 7.9 ± 0.2 8.2 ± 0.1 0.128
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD, median [25–75] or N (%). Chi squared test was used to investigate differences in the observed frequencies across specialty area. In case of discrete variables, differences across specialty area were evaluated using one way analysis of variance followed by Tukey test for all pairwise multiple comparison procedure or Kruskal–Wallis one way analysis of variance on ranks followed by Dunn’s post hoc test: p < 0.05: * vs allergologists, # vs GPs