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Table 2 Production of the short-chain fatty acids by the gut microbiota

From: The gut microbiota, environmental factors, and links to the development of food allergy

Short-chain fatty acidsPathwayMicrobiotaReferences
AcetateAcetyl-CoAMost enteric bacteria[31]
Wood–Ljungdahl pathwayBlautia hydrogenotrophica 
PropionateSuccinate pathwayNegativicutes, Bacteroidetes[32]
Acrylate pathwayMegasphaera elsdenii, Clostridium propionicum 
Propanodiol pathwaySalmonella enterica, Roseburia inulinivorans, Ruminococcus obeum 
ButyrateButyrate kinase and phosphotransbutyrylaseCoprococcus species[31]
Butyryl-coenzyme A (CoA):acetate CoA-transferaseFaecalibacterium prausnitzii, Roseburia spp., Eubacterium rectale, Eubacterium hallii Anaerostipes spp.