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Table 2 Production of the short-chain fatty acids by the gut microbiota

From: The gut microbiota, environmental factors, and links to the development of food allergy

Short-chain fatty acids Pathway Microbiota References
Acetate Acetyl-CoA Most enteric bacteria [31]
Wood–Ljungdahl pathway Blautia hydrogenotrophica  
Propionate Succinate pathway Negativicutes, Bacteroidetes [32]
Acrylate pathway Megasphaera elsdenii, Clostridium propionicum  
Propanodiol pathway Salmonella enterica, Roseburia inulinivorans, Ruminococcus obeum  
Butyrate Butyrate kinase and phosphotransbutyrylase Coprococcus species [31]
Butyryl-coenzyme A (CoA):acetate CoA-transferase Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Roseburia spp., Eubacterium rectale, Eubacterium hallii Anaerostipes spp.