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Table 1 Direct costs

From: Burden of allergic respiratory disease: a systematic review

Country Ref. Age group Direct costs Values
Disease Allergen Definition Country currency Year of currency PPP (2013 Int$)
Denmark [65] Adult AR SAR/grass GP visit/extra GP visit/acute ward visit/loratadine/budesonide/fluticasone/salbutamol 307.49 2005 (€) 47.19
[66] Adult AR Mixed Healthcare 1964.00 2002 (DKK) 300.96
France [67] Adult AR PAR/HDM Desloratidine/medication (comorbidity)/medication (additional PAR)/GP visit/comorbidity GP visit 373.32 2007 (€) 492.39
[68] Adult AR SAR/grass Direct costs 694.95 2003 (€) 261.64
PAR/HDM Direct costs 183.57 2003 (€) 130.71
Children SAR/grass Direct costs 140.33 2003 (€) 200.01
PAR/HDM Direct costs 279.33 2003 (€) 398.12
Germany [62] Adult AR Mixed GP visit/medication (unspecified)/hospitalization 771.12 2009 (€) 993.71
[65] Adult AR SAR/grass GP visit/Extra GP Visit/Acute ward visit/loratadine/budesonide/fluticasone/salbutamol 383.85 2005 (€) 493.88
[69] Adult AR SAR/grass Direct costs 356.37 1991 (DEM) 351.56
AR PAR/HDM Direct costs 517.94 1991 (DEM) 884.64
AR+AA Mixed Direct costs 544.02 1991 (DEM) 887.16
Italy [70] Adult AR+AA Mixed Medication (unspecified)/outpatient care/emergency department/hospitalization 1589.30 2004 (€) 2568.52
[71] Children and adolescent AR SAR/grass Direct costs 500.00 2003 (€) 826.75
PAR/HDM Direct costs 518.00 2003 (€) 856.51
Mixed Direct costs 506.00 2003 (€) 836.67
Multiple (1) [72] Adult AR PAR/HDM GP visit/medication (unspecified) 100.44 2002 (€) 149.07
Multiple (2) [73] Adult AR+AA SAR/grass Acute ward visit/asthma medication/budesonide/DESLORATIDINE/Extra GP or specialist visit/fluticasone/GP visit/medication (unspecified)/salbutamol 289.88 2005 (£) 527.27
Sweden [65] Adult AR SAR/grass GP visit/extra GP visit/acute ward visit/loratadine/budesonide/fluticasone/salbutamol 595.80 2005 (€) 838.42
  1. DKK Danish Krone, DEM Deutsche Mark, Multiple (1) Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Multiple (2) United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Spain and Austria