Skip to main content

Table 3 Fecal microbial diversity at ages 1 and 4 months, and eczema1 at age 6 months, stratified by mode of delivery

From: Diversity of the gut microbiota and eczema in early life

   Vaginal Delivery2 Cesarean Section2
   Means   Means  
  Age Eczema Controls p-value3 Eczema Controls p-value3
DGGE bands 4 1 month 3.60 5.20 0.05 4.00 4.57 0.75
  4 months 4.20 7.75 0.26 3.50 5.67 0.12
Shannon index 5        
  1 month 0.50 0.83 0.04 0.56 0.70 0.16
  4 months 0.63 0.94 0.18 0.56 0.90 0.04
  1. 1Defined as parental report of physician-diagnosed eczema at or before 6 months of age
  2. 2There was no difference in microbial diversity when comparing delivery modes regardless of eczema status (p > 0.90)
  3. 3Mann-Whitney U-test p-value
  4. 4Number of denaturating gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) bands in each sample
  5. 5Shannon diversity index (H') calculated using the relative intensity of all bands within each sample