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Table 5 Changes in inflammatory parameters in blood, nasal lavage and induced sputum between baseline out of season and during birch pollen season (median, upper and lower quartiles).

From: Systemic and local eosinophil inflammation during the birch pollen season in allergic patients with predominant rhinitis or asthma

  Control group Allergic rhinitis p-value Allergic asthma p-value
Blood      
   Δeosinophils 109/L 0.01 (0, 0.025) 0.27 (0.17, 0.43) 0.014* 0.17 (0.03, 0.27) 0.012*
   ΔS-ECP μg/L 2,3 (0.5, 2.4) 9.6 (4.9, 16.1) 0.071 8.6 (-0.2, 11.5) 0.12
   ΔS-HNL μg/L 19.1 (4.7, 31.4) 1.8 (-3.5, 5.3) 0.20 1,7 (-1.0, 14.4) 0.12
Nasal lavage      
   Δeosinophils % 0.05 (0, 0.1) 6.7 (1.9, 28.8) 0.007* 23.3 (2.3, 57.8) 0.055
   ΔECP μg/L 0 (0, 5) 1.4 (-0.1, 5.8) 1.0 4 (0, 10.1) 0.29
   ΔHNL μg/L 85 (45, 109) -17 (-44, 21.9) 0.039* -10 (-28.8, 24.8) 0.22
Sputum      
   ΔECP μg/L -146 (-163, 0.3) 310 (19, 2000) 0.019* 2180 (12, 2480) 0.018*
   ΔHNL μg/L -766 (-1655, 302) 46 (-340, 190) 0.040* -218 (-1084, 748) 0.17